How to help a child with dyslexia: teaching tips
How to help a child with dyslexia is the main issue that parents with a dyslexic child have to face.The dyslexic child experiences persistent learning difficulties in reading and parents can quickly feel overwhelmed when accompanying their child in learning at home.
In this article, we will discover how to help a child with dyslexia as we gathered the most helpful tips to help your child during his homework and his learning in general.
The dyslexic child uses a great deal of cognitive energy to decode words, which can make him easily tired. Here are some ways that your child can use to improve his/her reading comprehension.
- Prepare for reading. Invite your child to engage in the reading by asking a few questions: What do you know about the topic? What do you think this text will be about? Why are we reading this text today? Let's scan your text by identifying the pictures and the subheadings;
- Check if he actually understands what he reads. At the end of each paragraph, ask your child to summarize what he/she has read in his/her own words. If your child has trouble summarizing what he or she has read, ask more questions;
- In order to keep it in his memory, you can ask your child to illustrate the content
Establish a homework routine
Try to establish a homework routine which your child needs to follow daily. You should agree on the time he starts doing his homework and the time he can finish.
However, give him breaks and let him rest, especially when he has just arrived from school.
Make reading texts easier
The more your child progresses through school, the more he is going to have longer and harder texts to read. Dyslexic children have difficulties with word identification that slow down their reading speed.
To prevent your child from becoming discouraged while reading texts and to be sure that he/she is understanding the meaning of the text, you can follow these tricks:
- Read with your child. You can either read the text and make him follow your finger through the lines or read all together in unison before making him read it alone;
- Use records to memorize important texts. If your child has to learn a text by heart, it will be much easier for him to assimilate it orally than in writing. The solution is to save texts and lessons on a computer, phone, old cassette, etc.
Use special fonts for dyslexics
Did you know that there are special fonts for dyslexics ? They have been specially designed to facilitate reading. Ex: OpenDys.
Don’t forget to make sure that the size of the letters is clear (+14) and the texts are well-spaced.
The use of colors is also very important to catch his attention. Try alternating colors as much as you can, highlighters or, using colored overlays.
Use computer aids
Provide your child with the right digital tools that will help him during his homework and his learning process.Take advantage of the use of computer in both home and class, if he/she is allowed to.
There are also many books available in audio and electronic format. A great way to finish texts in a short time! To help your child with reading, the Lexilight lamp is also your best ally. It will allow your child to read more easily and quickly.
Get your child to read for his pleasure
Reading might be difficult for dyslexic children but they can absolutely appreciate it and read for their own pleasure.
As a parent, you play a key role in helping your child learn to read. You need to get them used to reading regularly despite the difficulties they may encounter. Here are some tips:
- Find topics that interest them and make them want to read more.
- Choose the right books. Just because your child is dyslexic doesn't mean you have to choose simple books.
- When reading with your child, make sure to end the reading session on a suspenseful note to make your child want to know what happens next.
- If your child likes music, print out the lyrics to their favorite songs so they can read them while they listen to the song.
- All reading materials are great! Comic books, e-readers, board games and video games.
- Discuss with your child the book he or she has just finished and ask them questions about it.
- Establish a ritual to read a little every day. Make reading easier by breaking stories into parts.
Enroll your child in extracurricular activities
Providing a space outside of school where they can express themselves, experiment and prove that they can do something is very important. There are a lot of suitable extracurricular activitiese for the dyslexic child are music, theater, dance, and sports.
Repetition, patience, and encouragement
Your child is doing his best. Make sure to encourage him and be patient. When it comes to reading and other exercises, do not hesitate to repeat until he/she understands. Explain the instructions in detail before starting.