The differences between dyslexia and dyspraxia
Even though dyslexia and dyspraxia are both DYS disorders, their symptoms and consequences are not identical. In this article, we intend to discover what the differences are between dyslexia and dyspraxia, how to recognize them and what their causes are.
The difference between dyslexia and dyspraxia: 2 disorders that can appear at the same time
If there are differences between dyslexia and dyspraxia, they can nevertheless manifest themselves simultaneously. Indeed, dyslexic children often have several learning disorders.
DyslexiaDyslexia is a condition that causes reading problems. The disability stems from the confusion of letters that a reader sees, which causes reading problems. This does not impede their reading ability in anyway, but this physical difficulty in reading leads to acquisition problems that have a negative impact on general development.
On the other hand, dyspraxia is an issue in the acquisition of movements and psychomotor coordination. With dyspraxia, it is not the recognition of characters that is at the root of the problem, but physical troubles that prevent the child from moving and controlling their body in the way they would like. Dyspraxia can thus generate speech disorders and impediments. Furthermore, it is manifested by a higher than average clumsiness and concentration disorders.
There are 2 types of dyspraxia:
- Motor dyspraxia, this translates as a difficulty coordinating muscles and joints when it comes to piecing together a sequence of movements to perform an action
- Oral dyspraxia , this is manifested as a difficulty in coordinating the muscles in the jaw, lips and tongue when the child tries to emit a sequence of sounds in order to pronounce a word. This disorder is different from dysphasia, although again, they can occur together.
The origins of dyslexia and dyspraxia
The difference between dyslexia and dyspraxia also exists in their their. With regard to dyslexia, it stems from many different places. One of the most promising being the symmetry of 2 ocular zones, whose harmful effects can be corrected with a special LED lamp), different types of light – the Maxwell Spot theory. However, dyspraxia’s origins are much more difficult to trace. Research has shown that dyspraxia is caused by the dysfunction of the brain area that organizes the sequence of movements of any act using motor neurons. However, further than that, we still don’t know the reasons behind it.