Relatives
definition

What is dyslexia?

background
singularity

Dyslexia, gift or handicap?

Famous Dyslexics

Many of them have been successful, both personally and professionally. Some have made the most of their dyslexia....

EINSTEIN

Albert EINSTEIN

See

Albert EINSTEIN

The most famous theoretical physicist of all time. In his dream, he was flown alongside a beam of light. This is how he invented the theory that turned the world of physics upside down: the theory of relativity and the famous equation E=MC2.

Close
DISNEY

Walt DISNEY

See

Walt DISNEY

He created the universe that makes us all dream: Disney! He has made cartoons a real empire and has managed to export his genius and creativity all over the world.

Close
EDISON

Thomas EDISON

See

Thomas EDISON

Autodidacte, Thomas Edison est à l’origine de nombreuses inventions. Les plus connues sont le télégraphe, le phonographe mais aussi et surtout, l’ampoule ! « Si nous faisions tout ce que nous sommes capables de faire, nous en serions abasourdis. »

Close
De VINCI

Leonard De VINCI

See

Leonard De VINCI

A versatile genius, Léonard De VINCI is particularly renowned for his painting skills. He painted the Mona Lisa. He was also a great scientist and science buff. He designed a submarine 300 years before the invention of a mechanism that could pump water out.

Close
KNIGHTLEY

Keira KNIGHTLEY

See

Keira KNIGHTLEY

British actress. It is she who will captivate the heart of the famous Jack Sparrow in Pirate of the Caribbean. She multiplied her successes and became one of Hollywood's most famous actresses.

Close
CHURCHILL

Winston Churchill

See

Winston Churchill

A historical figure, the Prime Minister of England during the Second World War played a decisive role in the victory against Germany. After his political career, he became a writer and received the Nobel Prize for Literature. "Success is not final. Failure is not fatal. It is the courage to continue that counts. »

Close

Superpower Kit

intuition
Intuition

With a thought 2000 times faster than non-dyslexics, dyslexics cannot consciously grasp all the nuances of their thoughts. That's why they'll know things... without knowing why.

Créativité
Creativity

When the reflection process of dyslexics is disrupted, they are said to be disoriented. During this disorientation, their thinking becomes almost real for them; this is called multidimensional thinking. This blurring between reality and thought can lead them to be much more creative than average.

Perception
Perception

Dyslexics have a genetic code that would allow them to use the part of their brain that transforms their perception into a global vision. This donation allows them to see an object in its entirety from

origins

What causes dyslexia?

It's a real cacophony!
At the moment, research has not been able to prove the origin of these disorders. Scientists continue to move forward. There are, however, some things we are sure of....

portrait

Genetics: we know that for sure!
Dyslexia can come from parents. However, this information must be qualified and it should be known that dyslexic parents do not directly transmit dyslexia but susceptibility genes. They will have a 40% to 60% chance of having a child with the same disorders.

portrait

A different left brain hemisphere: that too, that's for sure!
The left hemisphere of a dyslexic person is different from an individual who is not. This part of the brain is responsible for language. The consequence of this difference? The dyslexic person will treat the information differently.

portrait

The symmetry of Maxwell's tasks: very likely and we believe in it!
Dyslexia is thought to be due to the tiny receptors in the eye, more precisely in the fovea area. The area The central part of the fovea has no blue cones. In non-dyslexics, this area does not have the same shape from one eye to the other. On the other hand, dyslexics have a Maxwell's task centroid of the same shape for both eyes (this centroid reflects the area without blue cones). It is this symmetry that would cause confusion for the brain: it fails to know which image comes from the dominant eye. This disorder prevents the brain from removing "mirror images" that are difficult to decode. Thus, differentiating between a "b" and a "d" becomes a difficult task.

portrait

The magnocellular visual pathway: subject to debate
Studies show that dyslexics are less sensitive to low-contrast visual stimuli or to This would be explained by a deficiency in their magno-cellular visual pathway.

portrait

And also The difference between the cerebral hemispheres

portrait

As well as a cerebellar deficit

portrait

Sans oublier phonological deficit

... and many other theories around the world.

detection

How do I know if my child is dyslexic?

All dyslexics are different, so are their symptoms and difficulties. As your child grows older, the symptoms will increase. However, some difficulties are common to most people:

  • Confusion of sounds, phonemes.
  • Memory disorders.
  • Distraction
  • Running away from reading and writing.
  • Difficulty in organizing information.
  • Lack of self-esteem.
  • Confusion in space and time (most severe cases).
  • Confusion of figures.

Maternal: Some specialists believe that signs of future dyslexia appear as soon as speech appears. A diagnosis at this age will qualify the child as a person at risk. It will have to be monitored to see if symptoms change, worsen or, on the contrary, if everything returns to normal over time.

  • Delayed language and speech
  • Pronunciation errors
  • Sound / syllable inversion
  • Distraction

CP: When you arrive in CP class, the signs that may have been ignored until now will intensify as you learn to read and write.

  • Does not want to go to school
  • Does not like reading
  • Difficulty forming letters / shapes
  • Difficulties in copying
  • Bad memory

7 yo : A majority of experts agree that a diagnosis of dyslexia is only valid if the child is two years behind in his or her reading development. It would therefore be possible to make a reliable diagnosis at the end of CE1 or in CE2.

    7 to 9 yo : The age of diagnosis
  • Jittery reading
  • Difficulty breaking down new words - Spelling difficulties
  • Difficulties in spelling words

Without a diagnosis, difficulties accumulate. To the same symptoms are added:

  • behavioural disorders
  • good marks in subjects not based on reading or writing comprehension
  • poor concentration
3 months
6 yo

Maternal: Some specialists believe that signs of future dyslexia appear as soon as speech appears. A diagnosis at this age will qualify the child as a person at risk. It will have to be monitored to see if symptoms change, worsen or, on the contrary, if everything returns to normal over time.

  • Delayed language and speech
  • Pronunciation errors
  • Sound / syllable inversion
  • Distraction
6 yo
7 yo

1st Grade: When you arrive in 1st Grade, the signs that may have been ignored until now will intensify as you learn to read and write.

  • Does not want to go to school
  • Does not like reading
  • Difficulty forming letters / shapes
  • Difficulties in copying
  • Bad memory
7 yo
9 yo

7 yo : A majority of experts agree that a diagnosis of dyslexia is only valid if the child is two years behind in his or her reading development. It would therefore be possible to make a reliable diagnosis at the end of 2nd Grade or in 3rd Grade.

    7 to 9 yo : The age of diagnosis
  • Jittery reading
  • Difficulty breaking down new words - Spelling difficulties
  • Difficulties in spelling words
9 yo
18 yo

Without a diagnosis, difficulties accumulate. To the same symptoms are added:

  • behavioural disorders
  • good marks in subjects not based on reading or writing comprehension
  • poor concentration
lifelong

Can dyslexia be cured?

The brain of a dyslexic person has some differences. The consequence: a perception that differs from that of a non-dyslexic person. Accompanied by specialists, the dyslexic can reeducate his brain.

The earlier dyslexia is detected, the easier it will be for the child to adapt.

Once rehabilitated, the dyslexic person will live his or her life quite normally. Dyslexic disorders do not interfere with the child's career or development.

professionnals

Who should I contact if I think my child is dyslexic?

To make a diagnosis it is essential to eliminate all the factors that could cause your child's problems. This is why a complete check-up is necessary and will allow you to determine with certainty whether or not your child suffers from dyslexia.

The teachers

The teachers

See

The teachers

It will be the first persons outside the child's environment to detect signs of dyslexia.

Close
General practitioner

General practitioner

See

General practitioner

Your general practitioner will refer you to specialists who can make a diagnosis and determine whether or not your child is dyslexic.

Close
Speech therapist

Speech therapist

See

Speech therapist

He or she will test your child to make sure that he or she is dyslexic or not. After the diagnosis, if it turns out to be positive, he or she will follow your child and rehabilitate him or her to learn to live with the disorders.

Close
The ophthalmologist

The ophthalmologist

See

The ophthalmologist

Your child's disorders may not be due to dyslexia, he or she may have ophthalmological problems that cause difficulties.

Close
The ENT

The ENT

See

The ENT

Just like vision disorders, poor hearing can handicap your child's learning, without making him or her dyslexic. This is why it is essential to have him consult an ENT.

Close
The shrink

The shrink

See

The shrink

We have to rule out the possibility of a mental disability. The psychologist will be able to perform these tests. In addition, if your child is found to be dyslexic, being accompanied by a psychologist can be important.

Close
feeling

What is my child experiencing?

Anxiety
Anxiety

Your child is behind his classmates, he is not learning as fast or as well. His academic performance makes him anxious. His difficulties too. Reading in front of the class or having to do writing exercises reinforce her anxiety.

Lack of motivation
Lack of motivation

When faced with a large number of failures, your child loses his motivation.

Feeling of being rejected
Feeling of being rejected

Young, children are not tender to each other. Aware of your child's difficulties, his classmates may laugh at him. He feels rejected, not like the others.

Misunderstanding
Misunderstanding

If your child is not diagnosed, he or she does not understand what is happening to him or her and why he or she is not as good as others. For him he thinks normally and does not know why he does not have good grades or does not succeed despite all the work he does.

Useless
Useless

Your child may lack self-esteem. He experiences three times more failures than successes in his daily and school life. He's losing confidence in himself.

Soon to be happy
Soon to be happy

Feeling all or part of these negative emotions is natural for a dyslexic child. However, with adequate support, he will quickly regain his self-confidence and live much better with his troubles.

Lexilight lamp

Lexilight, the reading aid lamp designed for dyslexics.

Reading becomes easier, faster, and less tiring!
A real joy.

Find out more