Teachers
understand

What is dyslexia?

background
caution

A role for everyone

As a reminder, you are not qualified to diagnose a student's dyslexia. Only a health professional can do this.

On the other hand, you have a front row seat to see the first signs and inform parents. Here are some of them advice to better understand the situation.

observe

What are the signs that should alert me?

It is estimated that in a class at least 1 student is dyslexic. You will certainly be confronted with dyslexia throughout your career. As a teacher, you are a privileged actor to detect the signs of it.

Dyslexia cannot be diagnosed at this age. However, the child may present early signs of a future pathology. At this point, you can advise parents to be vigilant. Since troubles can resolve themselves, there is no reason to alarm them.


  • Distracted and lightheaded;
  • Speech difficulties;
  • Inversion of letters;
  • Difficulties in remembering the alphabet;
  • Confusion between words that are similar.

At this point, you can advise parents to be vigilant. Since troubles can resolve themselves, there is no reason to alarm them.

With the learning of reading and writing, the disturbances may get worse. It should be noted that, as in kindergarten, problems can disappear naturally. There's no reason to worry the parents.

  • Bad memory;
  • Difficulties in coloring;
  • Poor coordination;
  • Difficulties in learning words, letters;
  • Difficulties in forming letters and shapes.

From the end of CE1 we can make a diagnosis. It is believed that a reliable diagnosis of dyslexia can only be made if the child is two years behind in his or her reading or writing skills.

  • No clear phonological awareness;
  • Difficulties in decoding new words;
  • Spelling mistakes;
  • Difficulties in spelling words;
  • Hesitant reading.

An undiagnosed dyslexic student may be in your classroom. The child's difficulties will arise in all subjects that involve reading and writing. This is why all teachers are concerned by the support of this student. You will be confronted with the signs mentioned above. To this will be added:

  • Behavioural disorders;
  • Frustration;
  • Good marks in subjects that do not involve reading;
  • Difficulties in staying focused.

Maternelle

Dyslexia cannot be diagnosed at this age. However, the child may present early signs of a future pathology. At this point, you can advise parents to be vigilant. Since troubles can resolve themselves, there is no reason to alarm them.


  • Distracted and lightheaded;
  • Speech difficulties;
  • Inversion of letters;
  • Difficulties in remembering the alphabet;
  • Confusion between words that are similar.

At this point, you can advise parents to be vigilant. Since troubles can resolve themselves, there is no reason to alarm them.

With the learning of reading and writing, the disturbances may get worse. It should be noted that, as in kindergarten, problems can disappear naturally. There's no reason to worry the parents.

  • Bad memory;
  • Difficulties in coloring;
  • Poor coordination;
  • Difficulties in learning words, letters;
  • Difficulties in forming letters and shapes.
2nd Grade
Age of detection

From the end of CE1 we can make a diagnosis. It is believed that a reliable diagnosis of dyslexia can only be made if the child is two years behind in his or her reading or writing skills.

  • No clear phonological awareness;
  • Difficulties in decoding new words;
  • Spelling mistakes;
  • Difficulties in spelling words;
  • Hesitant reading.
6ème
Middle school

An undiagnosed dyslexic student may be in your classroom. The child's difficulties will arise in all subjects that involve reading and writing. This is why all teachers are concerned by the support of this student. You will be confronted with the signs mentioned above. To this will be added:

  • Behavioural disorders;
  • Frustration;
  • Good marks in subjects that do not involve reading;
  • Difficulties in staying focused.
act

I think a student of mine is dyslexic, what should I do?

To be sure that your student's disorders are associated with dyslexia, he or she must be tested. Your role is to inform parents and refer them to a specialist.

Inform

Inform

See

Inform

You have noticed difficulties in your student. Confusion of letters, phonemes, numbers....

Let the parents know.

Close
Guide

Guide

See

Guide

Refer them to the general practitioner or a speech therapist for a check-up. Not all children with difficulties are dyslexic. It can be a hearing problem, a vision problem, a mental disability.... Be careful not to make a too hasty or incorrect diagnosis.

Close
Reassure

Reassure

See

Reassure

Simply explain that a speech-language pathology assessment is necessary to best adapt your pedagogy to the student's difficulties.

You will be able to deal with worried parents. Reassure them by guaranteeing them your support mission.

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participate

Who can help me in the accompaniment?

The speech therapist

The speech therapist

See

The speech therapist

The speech therapist will be the first person to turn to. Once your student has been diagnosed with dyslexia, you can be put in touch with him/her. Together, you will be able to comment and evaluate the child's progress and difficulties. It will help you set up activities and teaching materials to help your student overcome his or her difficulties.

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Associations

Associations

See

Associations for dyslexic people

You can turn to them to better understand what these disorders cause. A good understanding of this condition will help you to support your student.

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explain

Do I have to explain to the rest of the class what dyslexia is?

Young people, children can be mean to each other. Faced with a less successful classmate, they can quickly use words such as "beast", "bad," "null", hurting the dyslexic child and making him lose confidence in himself.

Explaining dyslexia to the class will help children understand that their classmate is not stupid but works in a different way. His dyslexia makes him a singular person who possesses other faculties such as intuition, creativity... This step can be particularly beneficial for the dyslexic student who will no longer have to feel stupid in front of others. He will gradually regain his self-confidence, a factor that will be decisive for his success.

    You can:
  • show this video to explain dyslexia
  • present to the class the portrait of famous dyslexics, to mix history and general culture while proving that dyslexia is far from being a handicap.

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